were invented to make it more convenient to find sites on the World Wide Web. Previously, I had to keep an IP address in my head, a sequence of 4 numbers, separated by dots. This email address points to the server where the resource is located. You can keep several such numbers in memory, however, when the number of such addresses reaches dozens, confusion will begin. You can make an analogy. Few people know the phone numbers in memory, they are simply added to the memory of the phone and assign them a name.
What is the difference between domain hosting and hosting?Hosting –This is the physical location of the site. The site can also be placed on a home computer, but a high-quality and reliable hosting requires a deeper knowledge of the administration of the site. Therefore, the best solution is to purchase a hosting company hosting company.
Домен - This is the site address that visitors collect when they visit a site. A domain is required in order to distinguish between sites. Even if a person does not independently enter the address of your project into a browser, and gets to the site from the search engine, search engines also need to somehow distinguish between the sites.
Types of Domain NamesFirst domain level Another name is the upper level. Level 1 domain is a component of a name that is located to the left of the last point. When registering a domain, you can not think of your own domain of the first level. You can only choose from those offered by the registrars.
Second. Another name is primary or maternal. Level 2 domain is a component of the name that is left behind the last point. Google is a second-level domain named google.com. In some jurisdictions, registrars use second-level domains as alternatives to top-level domains. For example, .ac.uk and .co.uk.
Third. Or differently - a subdomain or subdomain. Level 3 domain is part of the name that is left to the last point. Subdomains are needed when you need to assign a unique address to different categories on the site. For example, there is a google.co.uk domain, where the third level domain is google.
What are the domains?General domains denote some kind of activity. For example, .com for commercial organizations, .org for non-profit, .edu for educational purposes. Gradually, .com domains have gained such popularity that they have become used not only by commercial enterprises. There is no prohibition on registering .com domains, even if the person is not affiliated with the commerce. Common domains are characterized by simple registration. Anyone can register them, and no documents are required for this. Now the top-level domains are already over a thousand.
National These are first level domains that are intended for specific countries. As a rule, the two-letter codes of states are the basis for the national level domains of the first level. Therefore, all national Level 1 domains consist of 2 letters. The registration of a national domain is usually more complicated than common. Some countries give permission to register their national domains solely to their own citizens or official residents. And then, when registering a domain, you must specify a physical address, passport or driver's data.
Why do you need domain names?For the site. Without a domain, visitors will need to remember the IP address to get into the resource. Therefore, you need to choose a domain that will be stored in memory so that people can memorize it even without bookmarking it.
For parking. Domain Parking is when a domain with a "site under development" or something like that is posted on the domain. These pages are called parking lots. When the site is finished, the domain will still need to register. It's best to do it before, so that others do not take it.
For mail. You can set up an email on the domain. To do this, you need to purchase a hosting account and set up a mail account.
For forwarding. Even if you are not going to do a site, you can buy a domain and set up a redirect to your page in a contact, classmate, or instar. After that, everyone who enter the domain name in the browser will appear on your page.